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AbstractThe Roseobacter lineage is a phylogenetically coherent, physiologically heterogeneous group of alpha-Proteobacteria comprising up to 25% of marine microbial communities, especially in coastal and polar oceans, and it is the only lineage in which cultivated bacteria are closely related to environmental clones. Currently 41 subclusters are described, covering all major marine ecological niches (seawater, algal blooms, microbial mats, sediments, sea ice, marine invertebrates). Members of the Roseobacter lineage play an important role for the global carbon and sulfur cycle and the climate, since they have the trait of aerobic anoxygenic photosynthesis, oxidize the greenhouse gas carbon monoxide, and produce the climate-relevant gas dimethylsulfide through the degradation of algal osmolytes. Production of bioactive metabolites and quorum-sensing-regulated control of gene expression mediate their success in complex communities. Studies of representative isolates in culture, whole-genome sequencing, e.g., of Silicibacter pomeroyi, and the analysis of marine metagenome libraries have started to reveal the environmental biology of this important marine group.
CitationEnvironmental biology of the marine Roseobacter lineage. 2006, 60:255-80 Annu. Rev. Microbiol.
AffiliationNational Research Institute for Biotechnology (GBF), Department for Cell Biology, 38124 Braunschweig, Germany. email@example.com
JournalAnnual review of microbiology
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- Authors: Brinkhoff T, Giebel HA, Simon M
- Issue date: 2008 Jun
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- Authors: Allgaier M, Uphoff H, Felske A, Wagner-Döbler I
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- Authors: Moran MA, Buchan A, González JM, Heidelberg JF, Whitman WB, Kiene RP, Henriksen JR, King GM, Belas R, Fuqua C, Brinkac L, Lewis M, Johri S, Weaver B, Pai G, Eisen JA, Rahe E, Sheldon WM, Ye W, Miller TR, Carlton J, Rasko DA, Paulsen IT, Ren Q, Daugherty SC, Deboy RT, Dodson RJ, Durkin AS, Madupu R, Nelson WC, Sullivan SA, Rosovitz MJ, Haft DH, Selengut J, Ward N
- Issue date: 2004 Dec 16
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- Ecological Genomics of the Uncultivated Marine Roseobacter Lineage CHAB-I-5.
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- Issue date: 2016 Jan 29