• Changes in incidence of anogenital warts diagnoses after the introduction of human papillomavirus vaccination in Germany-an ecologic study.

      Mikolajczyk, Rafael; Kraut, Angela A; Horn, Johannes; Schulze-Rath, Renate; Garbe, Edeltraut; BIPS-Institute for Epidemiology and Prevention Research, Bremen, Germany. miko@bips.uni-bremen.de (2013-01)
      In a large health insurance database in Germany, incidence of anogenital warts among 15- to 19-year-old females decreased from 316/100,000 person-years in 2007 to 242 in 2008 (23% reduction, P = 0.0001). The decrease started between the first and second quarter of 2007 (human papillomavirus vaccination was introduced in March 2007).
    • High level of gastrointestinal nosocomial infections in the german surveillance system, 2002-2008.

      Spackova, Michaela; Altmann, Doris; Eckmanns, Tim; Koch, Judith; Krause, Gerard; Helmholtz Centre for infection research, Inhoffenstr. 7, D-38124 Braunschweig, Germany. (2010-12)
      Surveillance of nosocomial infections (NIs) is well established in many countries but often does not include gastrointestinal infections. We sought to determine the proportion of NIs among all hospitalized cases for the 4 most prevalent types of gastrointestinal infections in Germany.