• The assessment of childhood maltreatment and its associations with affective symptoms in adulthood: Results of the German National Cohort (NAKO).

      Klinger-König, Johanna; Streit, Fabian; Erhardt, Angelika; Kleineidam, Luca; Schmiedek, Florian; Schmidt, Börge; Investigators, Nako; Wagner, Michael; Deckert, Jürgen; Rietschel, Marcella; et al. (Taylor and Francis, 2022-03-18)
      Overall, 21,131 participants (27.5%) reported at least one type of childhood maltreatment; 14,017 participants (18.3%) reported exactly one type and 250 participants (0.3%) reported all five types of childhood maltreatment. Small differences regarding age (mean absolute deviation around the mean (MAD)=0.47), sex (MAD = 0.07) and education (MAD = 0.82) were observed. The severity of childhood maltreatment was associated with more severe symptoms of depression (β = 0.23), anxiety (β = 0.21) and perceived stress (β = 0.23) in adulthood, validated particularly for emotional abuse and emotional neglect.