• Serological Evidence of Asymptomatic Infections during Escherichia coli O104:H4 Outbreak in Germany in 2011.

      Balabanova, Yanina; Klar, Stefanie; Deleré, Yvonne; Wilking, Hendrik; Faber, Mirko S; Lassen, Sofie Gillesberg; Gilsdorf, Andreas; Dupke, Susann; Nitschke, Martin; Sayk, Friedhelm; et al. (2013)
      The largest known outbreak caused by a rare hybrid strain of Shiga toxin-producing E.coli (STEC) and enteroaggregative E. coli (EAEC) (E.coli O104:H4) of serotype O104:H4 occurred in Germany in 2011. Fenugreek sprouts acted as a transmission vehicle and were widely consumed in the outbreak area at the time of the epidemic. In total 3,842 people developed a clinical illness caused by this strain; however the rates of asymptomatic infections remain unclear. We aimed to develop a serological assay for detection of E.coli O104 LPS specific antibodies and to establish the post-outbreak levels of seropositivity among people with documented exposure to contaminated sprouts.