Multi-layered stochasticity and paracrine signal propagation shape the type-I interferon response.
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AbstractThe cellular recognition of viruses evokes the secretion of type-I interferons (IFNs) that induce an antiviral protective state. By live-cell imaging, we show that key steps of virus-induced signal transduction, IFN-β expression, and induction of IFN-stimulated genes (ISGs) are stochastic events in individual cells. The heterogeneity in IFN production is of cellular-and not viral-origin, and temporal unpredictability of IFN-β expression is largely due to cell-intrinsic noise generated both upstream and downstream of the activation of nuclear factor-κB and IFN regulatory factor transcription factors. Subsequent ISG induction occurs as a stochastic all-or-nothing switch, where the responding cells are protected against virus replication. Mathematical modelling and experimental validation show that reliable antiviral protection in the face of multi-layered cellular stochasticity is achieved by paracrine response amplification. Achieving coherent responses through intercellular communication is likely to be a more widely used strategy by mammalian cells to cope with pervasive stochasticity in signalling and gene expression.
CitationMulti-layered stochasticity and paracrine signal propagation shape the type-I interferon response. 2012, 8:584 Mol. Syst. Biol.
Affiliation1] Department of Gene Regulation and Differentiation, Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research, Braunschweig, Germany  Division of Theoretical Systems Biology, German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ) and BioQuant Center, Heidelberg, Germany.
JournalMolecular systems biology
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