High-resolution transcriptomic analysis of the adaptive response of Staphylococcus aureus during acute and chronic phases of osteomyelitis.
Cast your vote
You can rate an item by clicking the amount of stars they wish to award to this item.
When enough users have cast their vote on this item, the average rating will also be shown.
Your vote was cast
Thank you for your feedback
Thank you for your feedback
AuthorsSzafranska, Anna K
Oxley, Andrew P A
Horst, Sarah A
Pieper, Dietmar H
Wos-Oxley, Melissa L
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractOsteomyelitis is a difficult-to-eradicate bone infection typically caused by Staphylococcus aureus. In this study, we investigated the in vivo transcriptional adaptation of S. aureus during bone infection. To this end, we determined the transcriptome of S. aureus during the acute (day 7) and chronic (day 28) phases of experimental murine osteomyelitis using RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq). We identified a total of 180 genes significantly more highly expressed by S. aureus during acute or chronic in vivo infection than under in vitro growth conditions. These genes encoded proteins involved in gluconeogenesis, proteolysis of host proteins, iron acquisition, evasion of host immune defenses, and stress responses. At the regulatory level, sarA and -R and saeR and -S as well as the small RNA RsaC were predominantly expressed by S. aureus during in vivo infection. Only nine genes, including the genes encoding the arginine deiminase (ADI) pathway and those involved in the stringent response, were significantly more highly expressed by S. aureus during the chronic than the acute stage of infection. Analysis by quantitative reverse transcription-PCR (qRT-PCR) of a subset of these in vivo-expressed genes in clinical specimens yielded the same results as those observed in the murine system. Collectively, our results show that during acute osteomyelitis, S. aureus induced the transcription of genes that mediate metabolic adaptation, immune evasion, and replication. During the chronic phase, however, S. aureus switched its transcriptional response from a proliferative to a persistence mode, probably driven by the severe deficiency in nutrient supplies. Interfering with the survival strategies of S. aureus during chronic infection could lead to more effective treatments.
CitationHigh-resolution transcriptomic analysis of the adaptive response of Staphylococcus aureus during acute and chronic phases of osteomyelitis. 2014, 5 (6): MBio
AffiliationHelmholtz Centre for infection research, Inhoffenstr. 7, 38124 Braunschweig, Germany.
The following license files are associated with this item:
- Transcriptional adaptations during long-term persistence of Staphylococcus aureus in the airways of a cystic fibrosis patient.
- Authors: Windmüller N, Witten A, Block D, Bunk B, Spröer C, Kahl BC, Mellmann A
- Issue date: 2015 Jan
- Staphylococcus aureus isolates from chronic osteomyelitis are characterized by high host cell invasion and intracellular adaptation, but still induce inflammation.
- Authors: Kalinka J, Hachmeister M, Geraci J, Sordelli D, Hansen U, Niemann S, Oetermann S, Peters G, Löffler B, Tuchscherr L
- Issue date: 2014 Nov
- Mutation of Agr Is Associated with the Adaptation of <i>Staphylococcus aureus</i> to the Host during Chronic Osteomyelitis.
- Authors: Suligoy CM, Lattar SM, Noto Llana M, González CD, Alvarez LP, Robinson DA, Gómez MI, Buzzola FR, Sordelli DO
- Issue date: 2018
- Differential expression and roles of Staphylococcus aureus virulence determinants during colonization and disease.
- Authors: Jenkins A, Diep BA, Mai TT, Vo NH, Warrener P, Suzich J, Stover CK, Sellman BR
- Issue date: 2015 Feb 17
- Monitoring immune responses in a mouse model of fracture fixation with and without Staphylococcus aureus osteomyelitis.
- Authors: Rochford ETJ, Sabaté Brescó M, Zeiter S, Kluge K, Poulsson A, Ziegler M, Richards RG, O'Mahony L, Moriarty TF
- Issue date: 2016 Feb