• Volatiles from the hypoxylaceous fungi and Hypoxylon macrocarpum.

      Rinkel, Jan; Babczyk, Alexander; Wang, Tao; Stadler, Marc; Dickschat, Jeroen S; HZI,Helmholtz-Zentrum für Infektionsforschung GmbH, Inhoffenstr. 7,38124 Braunschweig, Germany. (2018-01-01)
      The volatiles emitted by the ascomycetes Hypoxylon griseobrunneum and Hypoxylon macrocarpum (Hypoxylaceae, Xylariales) were collected by use of a closed-loop stripping apparatus (CLSA) and analysed by GC-MS. The main compound class of both species were polysubstituted benzene derivatives. Their structures could only be unambiguously determined by comparison to all isomers with different substitution patterns. The substitution pattern of the main compound from H. griseobrunneum, the new natural product 2,4,5-trimethylanisole, was explainable by a polyketide biosynthesis mechanism that was supported by a feeding experiment with (methyl-2H3)methionine.
    • Volatiles from the tropical ascomycete (Hypoxylaceae, Xylariales).

      Wang, Tao; Mohr, Kathrin I; Stadler, Marc; Dickschat, Jeroen S; HZI,Helmholtz-Zentrum für Infektionsforschung GmbH, Inhoffenstr. 7,38124 Braunschweig, Germany (Beilstein Institut, 2018-01-01)
      The volatiles from the fungus Daldinia clavata were collected by use of a closed-loop stripping apparatus and analysed by GC-MS. A few compounds were readily identified by comparison of measured to library mass spectra and of retention indices to published data, while for other compounds a synthesis of references was required. For one of the main compounds, 5-hydroxy-4,6-dimethyloctan-3-one, the relative and absolute configuration was determined by synthesis of all eight stereoisomers and gas chromatographic analysis using a homochiral stationary phase. Another identified new natural product is 6-nonyl-2H-pyran-2-one. The antimicrobial and cytotoxic effects of the synthetic volatiles are also reported.
    • Volatiles from the xylarialean fungus .

      Dickschat, Jeroen S; Wang, Tao; Stadler, Marc; Helmholtz-Zentrum für Infektionsforschung GmbH, Inhoffenstr. 7, 38124 Braunschweig, Germany.
      The volatiles emitted by agar plate cultures of the xylarialean fungus were investigated by use of a closed loop stripping apparatus in combination with GC-MS. Several aromatic compounds were found that could only be identified by comparison to all possible constitutional isomers with different ring substitution patterns. For the set of identified compounds a plausible biosynthetic scheme was suggested that gives further support for the assigned structures.