• A novel species and a new combination of Daldinia from Ban Hua Thung community forest in the northern part of Thailand

      Wongkanoun, Sarunyou; Wendt, Lucile; Stadler, Marc; Luangsa-ard, Jennifer; Srikitikulchai, Prasert; HZI,Helmholtz-Zentrum für Infektionsforschung GmbH, Inhoffenstr. 7,38124 Braunschweig, Germany. (Springer, 2019-04-02)
      During a survey of Xylariales in northern Thailand, several specimens with affinities to the genus Daldinia were found and examined for morphological characters, secondary metabolites, and molecular phylogenetic traits. Aside from morphological and chemotaxonomic studies, a multi-locus phylogenetic analysis using internal transcribed spacers regions (ITS) and the large subunit (LSU) of the ribosomal DNA, the second largest subunit of the RNA polymerase (RPB2), and beta-tubulin (TUB2) genes was performed. Among the specimens was a new species and a new record of a species that had previously never been sequenced and studied for its anamorphic morphology. This species, previously described by Ju and Rogers as Hypoxylon kretzschmarioides based on a single record from Indonesia, showed secondary metabolite profiles reminiscent of those of the genus Daldinia and even clustered in the latter genus in the phylogenetic tree. Therefore, it is transferred to Daldinia as D. kretzschmarioides comb. nov. A second new species, D. subvernicosa sp. nov., was found to have a close relationship with D. vernicosa based on morphological and molecular evidence, but differs from D. vernicosa by long-stipitate asci with mostly subglobose ascospores, and the basal ascospores are often elongated.
    • Three novel species and a new record of Daldinia (Hypoxylaceae) from Thailand

      Wongkanoun, Sarunyou; Becker, Kevin; Boonmee, Kanthawut; Srikitikulchai, Prasert; Boonyuen, Nattawut; Chainuwong, Boonchuai; Luangsa-ard, Jennifer; Stadler, Marc; HZI,Helmholtz-Zentrum für Infektionsforschung GmbH, Inhoffenstr. 7,38124 Braunschweig, Germany. (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2020-10-08)
      n an investigation of stromatic Xylariales in Thailand, several specimens of Daldinia were discovered. Three novel species (D. flavogranulata, D. phadaengensis, and D. chiangdaoensis) were recognized from a molecular phylogeny based on concatenated ITS, LSU, RPB2, and TUB2 sequence data, combined with morphological characters and secondary metabolite profiles based on high performance liquid chromatography coupled to diode array detection and mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS). The major components detected were cytochalasins (in D. flavogranulata and D. chiangdaoensis) and daldinin type azaphilones (in D. phadaengensis). In addition, D. brachysperma, which had hitherto only been reported from America, was found for the first time in Asia. Its phylogenetic affinities were studied, confirming previous suspicions from morphological comparisons that the species is closely related to D. eschscholtzii and D. bambusicola, both common in Thailand. Daldinia flavogranulata, one of the new taxa, was found to be closely related to the same taxa. The other two novel species, D. phadaengensis and D. chiangdaoensis, share characters with D. korfii and D. kretzschmarioides, respectively.