• Mimonoside D: a new triterpenoid saponin from Sauvalle (Fabaceae).

      Kenmogne, Claudie Fokou; Ponou, Beaudelaire Kemvoufo; Kemkuignou, Blondelle Matio; Kühlborn, Jonas; Tchuenguem, Roland T; Teponno, Rémy Bertrand; Dzoyem, Jean Paul; Opatz, Till; Tapondjou, Léon Azefack; BRICS, Braunschweiger Zentrum für Systembiologie, Rebenring 56,38106 Braunschweig, Germany. (Taylor & Francis, 2021-11-29)
      A new triterpenoid saponin (Mimonoside D: 3-O-α-L-arabinopyranosyl-3β-hydroxyolean-12-en-28-oic acid 28-O-β-D-xylopyranosyl-(1→2)-β-D- glucopyranoside ester (1)) was isolated from the aerial parts of Mimosa diplotricha Sauvalle together with nine known compounds: 7,4'-dihydroxyflavone (2), kaempferol (3), lupeol (4), betulinic acid (5), β-sitosterol (6), β-sitosterol-3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (7), lutein (8), 5,2'-dihydroxy-7,4',5'-trimethoxyflavone (9) and vitexin (10). Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic (1 D and 2 D nuclear magnetic resonance) and high-resolution mass spectrometric data as well as by comparison of their spectral data with those of related compounds. Compounds 2, 7 and 8 had already been isolated from M. diplotricha, while compounds 3, 4, 5 and 6 have been isolated from other Mimosa species. Compound 2 moderately inhibited Proteus mirabilis (MIC = 32 µg/mL), weakly inhibited Pseudomonas aeruginosa (MIC = 64 µg/mL) and very weakly inhibited Staphylococcus aureus (MIC = 128 µg/mL) and Enterococus faecalis (MIC = 128 µg/mL).