• Pentacyclic Triterpenoids, Phytosteroids and Fatty Acid Isolated from the Stem-bark of Cola lateritia K. Schum. (Sterculiaceae) of Cameroon origin; Evaluation of Their Antibacterial Activity

      Kamdem, Michael H.K.; Ojo, Olusesan; Kemkuignou, Blondelle M.; Talla, Rostan M.; Fonkui, Thierry Y.; Silihe, Kevine K.; Tata, Charlotte M.; Fotsing, Marthe C.D.; Mmutlane, Edwin M.; Ndinteh, Derek T. (Elsevier, 2022-01-01)
      The phytochemical investigation on the chemical constituents of dichloromethane-methanol (1:1) stem-bark extract ofCola lateritiaK. Schum. (Sterculiaceae) led to the isolationand characterization of five pentacyclic triterpenoids, one fatty acid and two phytosteroids. Thecompounds were identified as heptadecanoic acid (1), maslinic acid (2), betulinic acid (3), lupenone(4), lupeol (5), friedelin (6),b-stigmasterol (7) andß-sitosterol-3-O-ß-D-glucoside (8). Their struc-tures were determined by NMR analysis (1H,13C, DEPT-135, COSY, HMBC and HSQC), high-resolution mass spectrometry (HR-ESI-MS) and comparisons with published data in the literature.This work, to the best of our knowledge, is the first isolation and identification of these compoundsin pure forms fromCola lateritia. Also, compounds1–3are reported for the first time fromColagenus.In vitroantibacterial activity of the isolated compounds (1–8) and the crude extract wereevaluated againstBacillus subtilis,Staphylococcus epidermidis,Enterococcus faecalis,Mycobacterium smegmatis,Staphylococcus aureus,Enterobacter cloacae,Klebsiella oxytoca,Proteusvulgaris,Klebsiella pneumonia,Escherichia coli, Proteus mirabilisandKlebsiella aerogeneswithstreptomycin, nalidixic acid and ampicillin as standard antibacterial drugs. Compound2was activeagainstE. faecalis(MIC = 18.5mg/mL), and it was 6.9 and 28 times lower and active than that ofstreptomycin (MIC 128mg/mL) and nalidixic acid (MIC>512mg/mL) respectively. All the isolatedcompounds and crude extract showed significant activities against the tested bacterial strains.