The gut microbiota promotes hepatic fatty acid desaturation and elongation in mice.
desciption of supplementary ...
description of supplementary data
Cast your vote
You can rate an item by clicking the amount of stars they wish to award to this item.
When enough users have cast their vote on this item, the average rating will also be shown.
Your vote was cast
Thank you for your feedback
Thank you for your feedback
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractInteractions between the gut microbial ecosystem and host lipid homeostasis are highly relevant to host physiology and metabolic diseases. We present a comprehensive multi-omics view of the effect of intestinal microbial colonization on hepatic lipid metabolism, integrating transcriptomic, proteomic, phosphoproteomic, and lipidomic analyses of liver and plasma samples from germfree and specific pathogen-free mice. Microbes induce monounsaturated fatty acid generation by stearoyl-CoA desaturase 1 and polyunsaturated fatty acid elongation by fatty acid elongase 5, leading to significant alterations in glycerophospholipid acyl-chain profiles. A composite classification score calculated from the observed alterations in fatty acid profiles in germfree mice clearly differentiates antibiotic-treated mice from untreated controls with high sensitivity. Mechanistic investigations reveal that acetate originating from gut microbial degradation of dietary fiber serves as precursor for hepatic synthesis of C16 and C18 fatty acids and their related glycerophospholipid species that are also released into the circulation.
AffiliationHZI,Helmholtz-Zentrum für Infektionsforschung GmbH, Inhoffenstr. 7,38124 Braunschweig, Germany.
The following license files are associated with this item:
- Creative Commons
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 United States
- Age-Related Changes in the Gut Microbiota Modify Brain Lipid Composition.
- Authors: Albouery M, Buteau B, Grégoire S, Cherbuy C, Pais de Barros JP, Martine L, Chain F, Cabaret S, Berdeaux O, Bron AM, Acar N, Langella P, Bringer MA
- Issue date: 2019
- Effects of perfluorinated fatty acids with different carbon chain length on fatty acid profiles of hepatic lipids in mice.
- Authors: Kudo N, Yamazaki T, Sakamoto T, Sunaga K, Tsuda T, Mitsumoto A, Kawashima Y
- Issue date: 2011
- Role of stearoyl-CoA desaturase-1 in skeletal muscle function and metabolism.
- Authors: Stamatikos AD, Paton CM
- Issue date: 2013 Oct 1
- Microbiota-Dependent Hepatic Lipogenesis Mediated by Stearoyl CoA Desaturase 1 (SCD1) Promotes Metabolic Syndrome in TLR5-Deficient Mice.
- Authors: Singh V, Chassaing B, Zhang L, San Yeoh B, Xiao X, Kumar M, Baker MT, Cai J, Walker R, Borkowski K, Harvatine KJ, Singh N, Shearer GC, Ntambi JM, Joe B, Patterson AD, Gewirtz AT, Vijay-Kumar M
- Issue date: 2015 Dec 1
- Biosynthesis of Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids in Octopus vulgaris: Molecular Cloning and Functional Characterisation of a Stearoyl-CoA Desaturase and an Elongation of Very Long-Chain Fatty Acid 4 Protein.
- Authors: Monroig Ó, de Llanos R, Varó I, Hontoria F, Tocher DR, Puig S, Navarro JC
- Issue date: 2017 Mar 21