• Three marine strains constitute the novel genus and species Crateriforma conspicua in the phylum Planctomycetes.

      Peeters, Stijn H; Wiegand, Sandra; Kallscheuer, Nicolai; Jogler, Mareike; Heuer, Anja; Jetten, Mike S M; Rast, Patrick; Boedeker, Christian; Rohde, Manfred; Jogler, Christian (2020-01-01)
      Planctomycetes is a ubiquitous phylum of mostly aquatic bacteria that have a complex lifestyle and an unusual cell biology. Here, we describe three strains of the same novel genus and species isolated from three different environments; from a red biofilm at a hydrothermal vent in the Mediterranean Sea, from sediment in a salt-water fish tank, and from the surface of algae at the coast of the Balearic island Mallorca. The three strains Mal65T (DSM 100706T = LMG 29792T, Pan14r (DSM 29351 = LMG 29012), and V7 (DSM 29812 = CECT 9853 = VKM B-3427) show typical characteristics of the Planctomycetaceae family, such as cell division by budding, crateriform structures and growth in aggregates or rosettes.  The strains are mesophilic, neutrophilic to alkaliphilic as well as chemoheterotrophic and exhibit doubling times between 12 and 35 h. Based on our phylogenetic analysis, the three strains represent a single novel species of a new genus, for which we propose the name Crateriforma conspicua gen. nov. sp. nov.