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dc.contributor.authorTroitzsch, Daniel
dc.contributor.authorZhang, Hao
dc.contributor.authorDittmann, Silvia
dc.contributor.authorDüsterhöft, Dorothee
dc.contributor.authorMöller, Timon Alexander
dc.contributor.authorMichel, Annika-Marisa
dc.contributor.authorJänsch, Lothar
dc.contributor.authorRiedel, Katharina
dc.contributor.authorBorrero-de Acuña, José Manuel
dc.contributor.authorJahn, Dieter
dc.contributor.authorSievers, Susanne
dc.identifier.citationmSphere. 2021 Mar 3;6(2):e00091-21. doi: 10.1128/mSphere.00091-21.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe human pathogen Clostridioides difficile has evolved into the leading cause of nosocomial diarrhea. The bacterium is capable of spore formation, which even allows survival of antibiotic treatment. Although C. difficile features an anaerobic lifestyle, we determined a remarkably high oxygen tolerance of the laboratory reference strain 630Δerm A mutation of a single nucleotide (single nucleotide polymorphism [SNP]) in the DNA sequence (A to G) of the gene encoding the regulatory protein PerR results in an amino acid substitution (Thr to Ala) in one of the helices of the helix-turn-helix DNA binding domain of this transcriptional repressor in C. difficile 630Δerm PerR is a sensor protein for hydrogen peroxide and controls the expression of genes involved in the oxidative stress response. We show that PerR of C. difficile 630Δerm has lost its ability to bind the promoter region of PerR-controlled genes. This results in a constitutive derepression of genes encoding oxidative stress proteins such as a rubrerythrin (rbr1) whose mRNA abundance under anaerobic conditions was increased by a factor of about 7 compared to its parental strain C. difficile 630. Rubrerythrin repression in strain 630Δerm could be restored by the introduction of PerR from strain 630. The permanent oxidative stress response of C. difficile 630Δerm observed here should be considered in physiological and pathophysiological investigations based on this widely used model strain.IMPORTANCE The intestinal pathogen Clostridioides difficile is one of the major challenges in medical facilities nowadays. In order to better combat the bacterium, detailed knowledge of its physiology is mandatory. C. difficile strain 630Δerm was generated in a laboratory from the patient-isolated strain C. difficile 630 and represents a reference strain for many researchers in the field, serving as the basis for the construction of insertional gene knockout mutants. In our work, we demonstrate that this strain is characterized by an uncontrolled oxidative stress response as a result of a single-base-pair substitution in the sequence of a transcriptional regulator. C. difficile researchers working with model strain 630Δerm should be aware of this permanent stress response.en_US
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International*
dc.subjectClostridioides difficileen_US
dc.subjectDNA bindingen_US
dc.subjectconstitutive expressionen_US
dc.subjectoxidative stress responseen_US
dc.subjectsingle nucleotide polymorphismen_US
dc.subjecttranscriptional repressoren_US
dc.titleA Point Mutation in the Transcriptional Repressor PerR Results in a Constitutive Oxidative Stress Response in Clostridioides difficile 630Δ.ermen_US
dc.contributor.departmentHZI,Helmholtz-Zentrum für Infektionsforschung GmbH, Inhoffenstr. 7,38124 Braunschweig, Germany.en_US
dc.source.countryUnited States

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Attribution 4.0 International
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution 4.0 International