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dc.contributor.authorReichardt, Elisabeth
dc.contributor.authorKrug, Ralf
dc.contributor.authorBornstein, Michael M
dc.contributor.authorTomasch, Jürgen
dc.contributor.authorVerna, Carlalberta
dc.contributor.authorKrastl, Gabriel
dc.date.accessioned2022-01-13T09:29:57Z
dc.date.available2022-01-13T09:29:57Z
dc.date.issued2021-11-29
dc.identifier.citationJ Environ Res Public Health. 2021 Nov 29;18(23):12580. doi: 10.3390/ijerph182312580.en_US
dc.identifier.pmid34886307
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/ijerph182312580
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10033/623141
dc.description.abstract(1) Background: To assess orthodontic forced eruption (OFE) as a pre-restorative procedure for non-restorable permanent teeth with subgingival dental hard tissue defects after dental trauma. (2) Methods: A systematic electronic search of three databases, namely, MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, and EMBASE, revealed a total of 2757 eligible publications. Randomized controlled clinical trials (RCT), retro- and prospective clinical studies, or case series (with a minimum of three patients) were reviewed. (3) Results: Thirteen full-text papers were included: one RCT, one prospective clinical trial, two retrospective cohort studies, and nine case series. Within case series, statistical significance between age and cause of fracture (p < 0.03) was determined. The mean extrusion rate of OFE was 1.5 mm a week within a four to six weeks treatment period followed by retention. Three OFE protocols for maxillary single teeth are available: 1. OFE without migration of gingiva and alveolar bone, 2. OFE with gingival migration and slight alveolar bone migration, and 3. OFE with migration of both gingiva and alveolar bone. (4) Conclusions: The current state of the evidence suggests that OFE is a feasible pre-treatment option for non-restorable permanent teeth. OFE can promote the migration of tooth surrounding hard and soft tissues in the esthetic zone. Root resorption does not seem to be a relevant side effect of OFE.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherMDPIen_US
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/*
dc.subjectcrown-root fractureen_US
dc.subjectdental hard tissue defectsen_US
dc.subjectdental traumaen_US
dc.subjectorthodontic forced eruptionen_US
dc.subjectroot resorptionen_US
dc.subjectsubgingival defectsen_US
dc.titleOrthodontic Forced Eruption of Permanent Anterior Teeth with Subgingival Fractures: A Systematic Review.en_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.eissn1660-4601
dc.contributor.departmentHZI,Helmholtz-Zentrum für Infektionsforschung GmbH, Inhoffenstr. 7,38124 Braunschweig, Germany.en_US
dc.identifier.journalInternational journal of environmental research and public healthen_US
dc.source.volume18
dc.source.issue23
refterms.dateFOA2022-01-13T09:29:57Z
dc.source.journaltitleInternational journal of environmental research and public health
dc.source.countrySwitzerland


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Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution 4.0 International