Referral of presumptive TB among operators of community medicine outlets.
Cast your vote
You can rate an item by clicking the amount of stars they wish to award to this item.
When enough users have cast their vote on this item, the average rating will also be shown.
Your vote was cast
Thank you for your feedback
Thank you for your feedback
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractBACKGROUND: Case detection is an important part of TB control programmes. In 2007, the TB programme in Ghana join the WHO´s public-private partnership with community medicine outlet operators to increase referral of persons with presumptive TB for laboratory investigation. Information on factors likely to influence referral is scarce in Ghana. We assessed these factors among pharmacists and over-the-counter (OTC) medicine sellers.METHODS: In 2019-2020, we conducted computer-assisted telephone interviews among community pharmacists and OTC medicine sellers in the Eastern Region of Ghana. We used a structured questionnaire and collected data on respondents´ sociodemographics and professional characteristics. We used logistic regression to investigate characteristics associated with self-reported referral of presumptive TB cases.RESULTS: Of all respondents who completed the interviews, 68.7% (321/467) reported having ever referred a presumptive TB case and 72.1% (336/466) had received specific training. Associated factors of presumptive TB referral were having received specific training (OR 2.7, 95% CI 1.5-4.9); performing both dispensing and managerial functions (OR 2.8, 95% CI 1.4-5.5); operating from OTC shop (OR 6.2, 95% CI 1.6-23.4) and the availability of a TB laboratory within walking distance (OR 3.3, 95% CI 1.2-9.5).CONCLUSION: Interviewees largely support TB referral. However, a significant proportion does not follow the strategy closely. We recommend more specific TB training courses.
CitationInt J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2021 Dec 1;25(12):982-989. doi: 10.5588/ijtld.21.0190.
AffiliationHZI,Helmholtz-Zentrum für Infektionsforschung GmbH, Inhoffenstr. 7,38124 Braunschweig, Germany.
JournalThe international journal of tuberculosis and lung disease : the official journal of the International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
The following license files are associated with this item:
- Creative Commons
- Barriers and motivation for presumptive tuberculosis case referral: qualitative analysis among operators of community medicine outlets in Ghana.
- Authors: Kwabla MP, Klett-Tammen CJ, Castell S
- Issue date: 2022 Aug 1
- Understanding private retail drug outlet dispenser knowledge and practices in tuberculosis care in Tanzania.
- Authors: Rutta E, Tarimo A, Delmotte E, James I, Mwakisu S, Kasembe D, Konduri N, Silumbe R, Kakanda K, Valimba R
- Issue date: 2014 Sep
- Barriers of community pharmacists in identification and referral of presumptive tuberculosis cases in Tiruvallur district of Tamil Nadu.
- Authors: Gayathri P, Shah PB, Rajanandh MG
- Issue date: 2020 Oct
- Low contribution of health extension workers in identification of persons with presumptive pulmonary tuberculosis in Ethiopian Somali Region pastoralists.
- Authors: Getnet F, Hashi A, Mohamud S, Mowlid H, Klinkenberg E
- Issue date: 2017 Mar 11
- Community referral for presumptive TB in Nigeria: a comparison of four models of active case finding.
- Authors: Adejumo AO, Azuogu B, Okorie O, Lawal OM, Onazi OJ, Gidado M, Daniel OJ, Okeibunor JC, Klinkenberg E, Mitchell EMH
- Issue date: 2016 Feb 23